Issues with the Respiratory System: Bronchitis, Pneumonia, and Asthma


Bronchitis is a respiratory condition when the bronchial tubes become inflamed and block air. This results in a persistent cough. There are two types of bronchitis - acute and chronic.

Acute bronchitis happens fast. It is caused by a virus from the cold or flu and therefore is highly contagious. However, this usually lasts for two to three weeks.

Chronic bronchitis lasts over a longer period. It is usually caused by external factors such as smoke, dust, or chemicals and therefore not contagious. Chronic bronchitis comes with a cough with mucus.

You should seek medical attention if your condition continues to worsen and your fever reaches 101 or higher as these could be the indication of a worse condition, such as pneumonia or the flu.

graphic of a bronchite


Pneumonia is an infection in the respiratory system in which the air sacs in the lungs begin to fill with fluid and is inflamed. Symptoms of pneumonia include coughs with phlegm, fever, chills, difficulty breathing, as well as chest pain.

Some warning signs of a worsening condition include:

  • A fever higher than 101
  • Heart rate is 125 bpm or above while at rest
  • Heavy breathing
  • Gray or blue color in nails and lips
  • Confusion or dizziness

Unlike bronchitis, pneumonia needs to receive medical attention immediately. If you or a loved one are experiencing or presenting the symptoms above, seek medical attention right away. Antibiotics will be used to treat most types of pneumonia.

pneumonia treatment Hilo


Asthma is a respiratory disease in which the sufferer experiences difficulty breathing. This chronic disease is caused by inflammation of the air sacs, which become narrow and swell up, and produces extra mucus. This disease requires medical attention and diagnosis. At our urgent care centers; we can treat acute asthma attacks with nebulizers. For long-term treatment, our physicians may prescribe rescue inhalers or controller inhalers.

asthma treatment Hilo
Hilo | 670 Kekuanaoa St, Hilo HI 96720
Kea'au | 16-612 Old Volcano Rd Keaʻau HI 96749
Hilo | 808.969.3051
Kea'au | 808.966.7942